Information about the regulation that the European Union will present soon to control Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the territory and that seeks to protect the privacy of citizens. It has been Politico who has managed to access this confidential information for now. The EU had long been proposing the creation of rules that promote their use while respecting privacy.
The European Commission will announce what will be its first regulation In this regard, on April 21 and the leaked information shows that they want to prohibit uses that from Brussels are considered high risk.
A very different approach from what we have seen so far in the United States and China. In this second even, the AI is being used to track and identify a Muslim minority and persecuted by the country's government, the Uyghurs, creating a record of your movements so that you can easily review it and locate people.
Main restrictions of future regulation
First we are going to know the essential points that what will be the first regulation of the European Union to the use of artificial intelligence. The regulation restrictions, according to leaked information also accessed by The Verge, will focus on:
Prohibition of the use of Artificial Intelligence for "indiscriminate surveillance". This includes systems that directly track people in physical settings.
Ban on AI systems that create social credit scores. That is, it will be prohibited to judge the reliability of a person based on their social behavior or personality traits predicted through these tools. This has long been practiced in China and has even led to the prohibition of millions of people from traveling for little social credit.
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Special authorization will be required for the use of "remote biometric identification systems", such as facial recognition, in public spaces.
People will need to be notified when they interact with an AI system, unless "obvious from the circumstances and context of use".
New monitoring of "high risk" AI systems, including those that pose a direct security threat, like autonomous cars; and those that have a high probability of affecting someone's life, such as those used to decide whether to hire someone or not or for judicial decisions, among other examples.
The creation of a "European Council of Artificial Intelligence", made up of representatives of all countries, to help the Commission decide which AI systems are considered "high risk" and recommend changes to the bans.
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As Politico explains, the objective of Brussels is, unlike the situation in the United States, to prevent the tech giants from taking advantage of this technology. The EU says it wants a "human-centered" approach that empowers technology, but that also prevents you from threatening "strict privacy laws". This means that the use of AI in topics such as speeding up product manufacturing, tackling climate change or making the energy grid more efficient would be welcome.
At the same time, technology that is already used in Europe, such as the algorithms used to scan resumes, carry out creditworthiness assessments, asylum and visa applications, or helping the judges make decisions, would be classified as "high risk" and they would be subject to greater control.
Social scoring systems, such as those put in place in China that track the reliability of individuals and businesses, are classified as "contrary to Union values" and will be banned. The proposal also wants to ban AI systems that cause harm to people by manipulating their behavior, opinions or decisions.
Planned sanctions and permitted actions
In addition to regulate the restrictions, in the leaks you can see what the fines will be for those who violate the legislation. Companies that do not comply with the rules and abuse Artificial Intelligence could be fined up to 20 million euros or 4% of their turnover.
It should be remembered that the leaked rules establish an exception that allows the authorities to use the most flexible technology if you are fighting a serious crime. That is, in cases such as those where a police force wants to use the facial recognition technology of CCTV cameras to find terrorists.
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The European Union will draw up its first regulation to regulate the use of Artificial Intelligence: a preview of what it raises
was originally published in
by Bárbara Becares.