It is very possible that many of you have heard of GNU / Linux but have not decided to try it for not knowing which distribution to choose. Even though you are already Linux users, you may not be entirely satisfied with it and want to find some other alternative. Or who knows, maybe after all all you need is an operating system to revive that old computer that is gathering dust in the storage room.
Whatever your case, today we want to help you by putting at your disposal a list of 31 Linux distributions in which we explain the strengths of each one so that you can choose the one that best suits you. This is a list that we want to keep alive, so we will be attentive to any suggestions you make.
For lovers of stability
Red Hat Enterprise Linux: A commercial Linux distribution developed by Red Hat. It offers state-of-the-art stability and flexibility, making it one of the most recommended for businesses and servers.
Debian: Very stable and 100% free, Debian stands out for its .deb package system and its APT package management. It is one of the most important GNU / Linux distributions, since giants like Ubuntu are based on it.
openSUSE: It is one of the most powerful alternatives against the family of distributions based on Debian. It is available with the KDE and Gnome desktop environments, and counts as one of its best weapons the robust YaST installation and configuration tool and the SaX graphical configurator.
Fedora: Free distribution created and maintained by the Red Hat company that uses the RPM (Red Hat Package Manager) package system. It has three different versions for desktop, servers and cloud systems, and stands out for its security thanks to the SELinux system ("Security-Enhanced Linux").
AlmaLinux: The old CentOS Linux is history, and AlmaLinux is one of the successors of the community. It is among us with most RHEL packages.
Arch Linux: A modular distribution in which you start from scratch and have to add the components you want. It is not very beginner friendly, and uses pacman, its own package manager. It is a Rolling Release, which means that all its components are updated without the need to install new versions of the operating system.
Manjaro: A promising distribution that promises to bring the full potential of Arch Linux to the less experienced user. For that, it offers an operating system already mounted and based on Arch, with a simple installer like the one we can find in other distributions such as Ubuntu. It has official versions with the XFCE and KDE desktop environments.
Ubuntu: One of the most used distributions thanks to its great ease of use. Based on Debian, it is loved and hated in equal parts for its unique Unity desktop environment, with which it seeks to become a versatile distribution that can be used on computers, mobiles and tablets.
Linux Mint: Based on Ubuntu, it is one of the most recommended for all those who touch Linux for the first time. Its desktop environment, Cinnamon, has many similarities to that of Windows, and it is also one of the most customizable.
Elementary OS: Of all the distributions based on Ubuntu, this is one of the ones that has the most personality thanks to its careful appearance, which mimics that of Apple's OS X operating system. Incredibly fast and easy to use, it offers the user everything they might need right out of the box, including a collection of proprietary applications designed to seamlessly integrate with their visual style.
Zorin OS: Distribution also based on Ubuntu that was born with the intention of helping the user make the leap to Linux by offering an interface as similar as possible to Windows. It has several versions, some free such as Core (basic version), Lite (for less powerful PCs) and Educational (includes educational applications), and a few paid versions very much in the style of the Windows versions.
Peppermint OS: Fast and lightweight Ubuntu-based distribution with LXDE desktop environment. It uses Mozilla's Prism technology to integrate with cloud-based applications, using webapps as if they were native. It comes as an alternative to other cloud-based systems like Chrome OS.
For jealous of their privacy
Tails: Promoted by Edward Snowden himself and based on Debian, it is a distribution ready to run from a USB or DVD. Tails connects to TOR as soon as the operating system startup process finishes, and all Internet connection is made through this network.
Kali Linux: Debian-based distribution with an immense collection of tools to protect our computers. It uses a custom kernel with security patches and has support for the ARM architecture.
BlackArch Linux: A computer security-oriented distribution that was originally born as an expansion of Arch Linux, but has gone its own way. It gives us access to an impressive number of hacking tools, among which Sploitctl stands out, a script that allows you to install, update and search for sploits.
Arch Assault: This is a new distribution, also based on Arch Linux and very similar to the previous one, also aimed at hackers and security lovers. Minimalist, with Openbox window manager accompanied by the Tint2 panel, despite being still green, it already offers support for ARM architectures.
For less powerful equipment
Puppy Linux: A tiny distribution that can be carried on a USB or CD, but surprisingly fast when loaded entirely in the computer's RAM memory. It loads in 30-40 seconds and takes only 100MB.
Lubuntu: This is a much lighter and more affordable version of Ubuntu for less powerful computers when using the LXDE desktop system and the Openbox window manager. It also includes much lighter custom software, so it only asks for 128MB of RAM and a 1999 Pentium II or Celeron to work.
Damn Small Linux: Distribution specially designed for older computers, such as first-generation Pentiums or even i486s. As a graphical environment and window manager, JWM proposes us, its iso occupies only 50 MB and only asks for at least an Intel 486DX and 16 MB of RAM memory.
SliTaz: Another featherweight although with slightly more modern software than the previous one. It uses the Openbox environment and only needs a Pentium III with 256MB of RAM and 100MB free hard disk to work.
LXLE: Based on Lubuntu, this distribution promises to be even lighter thanks to better startup processing and the LXDE desktop environment. It offers several profiles that will tailor the distro to look like Windows XP, Vista, and 7 Starter / Basic.
Bodhi Linux: Although its development is currently at a standstill after its creator left the ship, we can still use the latest versions of this distribution for our old computers. It uses an Enlightenment desktop environment and only requires a minimum of a 300 MHz processor, 128 MB of RAM and 2.5 GB of free hard disk space.
Q4OS: And if the previous one was a project that was coming to an end, Q4OS is one that is beginning. It is a Debian-based distro. Its desktop environment is derived from a version 3.x of KDE called Trinity DE and mimics the look of Windows XP. It can be used in computers with a 300MHz Pentium, 128 MB of RAM and 3 GB of hard disk.
For those who are passionate about their hobbies
Distro Astro: This distribution is based on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and uses the MATE desktop environment, although the most important thing is its complete collection of applications aimed at astronomy lovers.
SteamOS: Still in beta, this is the Debian-based distribution developed by Valve, and it is more aimed at being a kind of media center for video games integrating the big picture mode than a desktop system.
ArtistX: Linux distribution focused on multimedia production. Based on Ubuntu, although designed to be used in LiveDVD and USB formats, it can be installed on any computer. It uses the KDE environment and offers a collection of open source programs for video editing and 2D and 3D graphics creation.
Ubuntu Studio: Based on Ubuntu and oriented to professional multimedia editing of audio, video and graphics. It uses the Xfce desktop environment and does not have any type of office software pre-installed, only the one designed for multimedia editing.
Scientific Linux: It is a binary level clone of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution, and it is developed and maintained by the CERN and Fermilab Physics laboratories with the aim of having a specific operating system for scientific computing.
CEELD: Distro based on OpenSUSE that uses the KDE environment and is especially aimed at electronic engineers and students of this career, by allowing them to design or simulate electronic circuits.
Edubuntu: Another derivative of Ubuntu, but this time especially aimed at schools and teachers. It offers a large collection of educational software and tools, so it is also a good option to install on the computers of the youngest members of the household.
Openelec: Small Linux distribution created from scratch to turn a computer into a Kodi-based multimedia center, which was previously known as XBMC. It does what it promises and requires only 90-125MB of internal storage. Apart from its official version, it has two other buids for Raspberry Pi and Apple TV.